CNN | 2018-7-18 | Español

Tanzania's bloggers fight back against $930 fee as court grants injunction

Updated: 11:12 AM ET, Mon May 7, 2018

(CNN) - A temporary court injunction has ruled against the Tanzanian government's legislation demanding bloggers pay a $930 fee to publish content.

The blogging fee, part of sweeping internet regulations, would give the authorities unprecedented control over the internet.

Last week, the state-run Tanzania Communications Regulatory Authority (TCRA) had said in a statement that bloggers and content providers had until May 5 to complete the application process.

Six human rights groups, media platforms and independent publishers filed the case in Tanzania's high court, reported Reuters.

A future hearing will decide the case.

It's not just bloggers affected by the provisions, but online radio stations, online streaming platforms, online forums, social media users and internet cafes.

Bloggers are asked to provide a lengthy list of details, including share capital, tax certificates, estimated investments and other information to secure accreditation.

The legislation, officially known as the Electronic and Postal Communications (Online Content) Regulations 2018, also sets out a series of prohibited content, including "content that causes annoyance... or leads to public disorder."

Additionally, internet cafes are required to install surveillance cameras.

Breaking these stipulations permits the regulatory authorities to revoke licenses.

Local newspapers have reported that the government has introduced the regulations to curb "moral decadence."

CNN has reached out to the Tanzanian government for comment but did not get immediate response.

Internet freedoms

Internet rights activists argue the new laws restrict freedoms.

"These regulations were supposed to uphold citizens' rights to privacy, access to information and free expression," Maxence Melo, the director of the JamiiForums, the "Swahili Wikileaks," told CNN. "We have completely lost our Freedom on the Cyberspace."

The new regulations come after a series of controversial laws introduced in the past few years, which Freedom House reports, are widely considered to be tools used to suppress media critical of the government.

Laws, such as the Cybercrimes Act 2015, have been used to charge Melo, for instance, in 2016 for allegedly obstructing an investigation.

A policy briefing released by Collaboration on International ICT Policy for East and Southern Africa (CIPESA) stated the new regulations threaten freedom of expression and the right to communicate information -- a right guaranteed in Article 18 of the country's constitution.

The $930 blogging fee will likely be a barrier for many people in a country where, according to the World Bank in 2016, GDP per capita was just $878 a year.


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